Hops.com Craft Beer Reviews

What are Hops?

Hops are the seed cones (flowers) of the hop plant Humulus lupulus. In beer, hops are used to flavor and stabilize the drink. Various types of hops impart bitter, citrus, or zesty flavors.

Hops are aggressive-growing, climbing vines that are trained to grow up strings similar to beans. They are grown in hop yards, aka hopfields and hop gardens, throughout the world. There are a large variety of hops that are used by brewers to impart specific tastes to their beers. See the table below showing over 270 varieties of hops along with their chemical compositions and home region.

History of Hops

It is believed that the cultivation of hops dates back for over a thousand years to the 8th century where the will of Pepin the Short, the father of Charlemagne, left 768 hop gardens to the Cloister of Saint-Denis. Even though hops was cultivated, there is no documented use of it in beer brewing until the year 1079. Prior to this time, brewers used a mixture of bitter herbs and flowers called gruit which could include burdock root, dandelion, heather, horehound, and marigold. Gruit remained the bitter of choice until the 13th century when hops started to threaten the use of gruit for flavoring. During the 13th and 14th centuries, the nobility of Britain levied taxes on hops and gruit so brewers would switch between the two depending on which was taxed heavier at the time. This could only help expose the people to hops-brewed beer vs. gruit-brewed beer and aided in the rise of hops' popularity.

Although hops was growing in popularity and imported, in the late 15th and early 16th centuries hops was condemned and labeled as a "wicked and pernicious weed" in England. As a result, the hops used in England were imported from France, Holland, and Germany and required import duties paid. Additionally, in England there were many complaints about the quality of the imported hops since the shipments would commonly be contaminated with foreign materials such as stalks, sand or straw to increase their weight. This forced the issue on King James I so in 1603 he approved an Act of Parliament banning the practice.

Table of Hops Varieties

274 Hops Varieties Found.
Hops Name Usage Region Alpha Acids Beta Acids Cohumulone
Admiral Bittering United Kingdom 13%-16.2% 4.8%-6.1% 37%-45%
Agnus Bittering Czech Republic 9%-14% 4%-6.5% 4%-6.5%
Ahil Aroma Slovenia 10%-12% 4%-5% 25%
Ahtanum Aroma United States 4%-6.3% 5%-6.5% 30%-35%
Alliance Dual Use United Kingdom 4.6%-7.5% 1.6%-5.1% 29%
Amallia Dual Use United States 5.5%-9% 4.2%-8.3%
Amarillo Aroma United States 8%-11% 6%-7% 21%-24%
Amethyst Aroma Czech Republic 2%-6% 7%-8% 20%-28%
Apollo Bittering United States 15%-20% 5.5%-8% 23%-28%
Apolon Dual Use Slovenia 10%-12% 4% 2.25%
Aquila Aroma United States 6.7%-8.9% 4.1%-4.9% 46%
Aramis Aroma France 7.9%-8.3% 3.8%-4.5% 42%
Atlas Aroma Slovenia 9%-11% 4% 36%
Aurora Dual Use Slovenia 7%-12% 2.7%-5% 22%-26%
Azacca Dual Use United States 14%-16% 4%-5.5% 38%-45%
B Saaz Dual Use New Zealand 6.5%-7.5% 3%-8% 24%-28%
Backa Aroma Serbia 3.1%-6.9% 4%-7.4% 25%
Banner Bittering United States 8.4%-13% 5.3%-8% 34%
Bate’s Brewer Dual Use
Belma Dual Use United States 9.4%-12.1%
Bianca Aroma United States 7%-8% 3.4% 20%-28%
Bitter Gold Bittering United States 15.4%-18.8% 6.1%-8% 36%-41%
Blato Aroma Czech Republic 4.5% 3.5% 21%
Blisk Aroma Slovenia 9.7%-14.1% 3.3%-4.8% 33%
Blue Northern Brewer Dual Use Belgium 6%-8% 3%-4% 24%
Boadicea Aroma United Kingdom 7%-10% 3%-4% 26%
Bobek Dual Use Slovenia 3.5%-9.3% 4%-6.6% 26%-31%
BOR Aroma United States 2%-3% 3%-4% 14%-20%
Bouclier Dual Use 5.2%-9% 2.4%-3.3% 20-25%
Bramling Aroma United Kingdom 5.8% 3% 27%
Bramling Cross Dual Use United Kingdom 5%-7.8% 2.3%-3.2% 33%-35%
Bravo Bittering United States 14%-17% 3%-5% 29%-34%
Brewer’s Gold Bittering United Kingdom 7.1%-11.3% 3.3%-6.1% 3.3%-6.1%
Brewer’s Gold (US) Bittering United States 8.1%-13.1% 3.7%-6.8% 41%
British Columbia Golding Aroma Canada 4%-7%
Buket Dual Use Slovenia 11% 4.9% 24%
Bullion Bittering United Kingdom 6.7%-12.9% 3.7%-9.1% 39%
Bullion 10A Bittering United States 8%-13.8% 2.8%-6.9% 42%
Buzz Bullets Dual Use United States 8%-10%
Calicross Dual Use New Zealand 5.8%-7.9% 4%-7.8% 36%-44%
Caliente Dual Use United States 15.3% 4.3% 35%
California Cluster Bittering United States 5.5%-8.5% 4.5%-5.5% 36%-42%
Calypso Dual Use United States 12%-14% 5%-6% 40%-42%
Canadian Redvine Aroma Canada 5% 5%-6% 47%
Canterbury Golding Aroma United Kingdom 4%-6% 1.9%-2.8% 28%-32%
Canterbury Whitebine Aroma United Kingdom
Cascade (Argentina) Aroma Argentina 3.2% 4.5%-7% 33%-40%
Cascade (Australia) Aroma Australia 5%-7% 5%-7% 33%-40%
Cascade (New Zealand) Dual Use New Zealand 6%-8% 5%-5.5% 21%-24%
Cascade (US) Dual Use United States 4.5%-8.9% 3.6%-7.5% 33%-40%
Cashmere Dual Use United States 7.7%-9.1% 3.3%-7.1% 22%-24%
Cekin Aroma Slovenia 6%-8% 2%-3% 24%
Celeia Aroma Slovenia 5%-6% 3%-4% 25%
Centennial Dual Use United States 9.5%-11.5% 3.5%-4.5% 28%-30%
Cerera Dual Use Slovenia 5%-6% 4%-4.5% 25%
Challenger Dual Use United Kingdom 6.5%-9% 3.2%-4.5% 20%-25%
Chelan Bittering United States 12%-15.5% 8.5%-11.5% 33%-35%
Chinook Dual Use 12%-14% 3%-4% 29%-34%
Cicero Dual Use Slovenia 6%-7% 2.4% 29%
Citra Dual Use United States 10%-15% 3%-4.5% 20%-35%
Cluster (AUS) Bittering Australia 5.5%-8.5% 4.5%-5.5% 36%-42%
Cluster (US) Dual Use United States 5.5%-9% 4%-6% 36%-42%
Cobb Aroma 4.4%-6.7% 1.9%-2.8% 26%-32%
Coigneau Dual Use Belgium
Columbia Aroma 8.8% 4% 40%
Columbus Dual Use United States 14%-18% 4.5%-6% 28%-35%
Comet Bittering United States 9.4%-12.4% 3%-6.1% 41%
Crystal Aroma 2.8%-4.4% 5.8%-7% 21%-26%
Czech Premiant Aroma Czech Republic 8%-12.5% 4.5%-8% 22%-23%
Dana Aroma Slovenia 11%-16% 4%-6% 28%-31%
Defender Aroma United Kingdom 3.3%-6% 1.1%-2.5% 27%
Delta Dual Use United States 5.5%-7% 5.5%-7% 22%-24%
Density Aroma United Kingdom 4.4%-6.6% 3.3% 36%
Dr Rudi Dual Use New Zealand 10%-12% 7%-8.5% 36%-39%
Dunav Aroma Serbia 5.1%-9.6% 2.8%-4.6% 30%
Early Bird Aroma United Kingdom 4.4%-6.7% 1.9%-2.8% 26%-32%
Early Green Aroma United Kingdom
Early Prolific Aroma United Kingdom 4.7% 2.2% 23%
Early Promise Aroma United Kingdom 6.1% 1.7% 30%
East Kent Golding Aroma 5%-6% 2%-3% 29%
Eastern Gold Bittering Japan 11%-14% 5%-6% 27%
Eastern Green Aroma Japan 5.15% 1.9%-2% 25.5%
Eastwell Golding Aroma United Kingdom 6% 3% 30%
El Dorado Aroma United States 13%-17% 7%-8% 28%-33%
Ella Aroma Australia 13.3%-16.3% 4.8%-7.8% 34%-38%
Elsaesser Aroma France 4.65% 5.78% 20%-30%
Equinox Aroma United States 14.5%-15.5% 4.5%-5.5% 32%-38%
Eroica Bittering United States 12.3% 4.5% 40%
Eureka Dual Use 18%-19% 5%-6% 27%
Falconer’s Flight Dual Use United States 9.5%-12% 4%-5% 20%-25%
Fantasia Dual Use 4.3%
Feux-Coeur Bittering Australia 12%-16% 3.1%-6%
First Choice Aroma New Zealand 4.8%-6.7% 3.5%-6.7% 39%
First Gold Dual Use United Kingdom 5.6%-9.3% 2.3%-4.1% 31%-36%
Fuggle Aroma United Kingdom 2.4%-6.1% 2.1%-2.8% 25%-29%
Fuggle (UK) Aroma United Kingdom 3.5%-5.5% 2%-3.1% 23%-33%
Fuggle (US) Aroma United States 4%-5.5% 1.5%-2% 25%-33%
Fuggle H Aroma 4.1%-7.7% 2.1%-3.9% 26%
Fuggle N Aroma United Kingdom 5.6% 3% 26.4%
Fuggle Tetraploid Dual Use 5% 2.4% 26%
Furano Ace Aroma Japan 7%-8% 5%-8% 21%
Galaxy Dual Use 11%-16% 5%-6.9% 32%-42%
Galena Bittering United Kingdom 12% 7.5% 39%
Gargoyle Aroma United States 7.5%
Glacier Dual Use 3.3%-9.7% 5.4%-10% 11%-16%
Golden Star Aroma Japan 5.4% 4.6% 50%
Golding (US) Aroma United States 4%-6% 2%-3% 20%-20%
Goldings (NZ) Dual Use New Zealand 4%-4.2% 4.6%-4.8% 20%-25%
Green Bullet Dual Use New Zealand 11%-15% 2.9%-7% 38%-43%
Greensburg Dual Use United States 5.2% 7.2%
Groene Bel Aroma Belgium 4.9% 3.5% 27%
Hallertau (US) Aroma United States 3.5%-5.5% 3.5%-5.5% 18-24%
Hallertau Blanc Aroma Germany 9%-12% 4.5%-6% 22%-26%
Hallertauer (New Zealand) Aroma New Zealand 7%-9% 5.8%-8.5% 28%-35%
Hallertauer Gold Aroma Germany 7%-10% 5%-7% 20%
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh Aroma Germany 3.5%-3.5% 3.5%-4.5% 20%-26%
Hallertauer Northern Brewer Bittering United Kingdom 7%-10% 3%-5% 27%-33%
Hallertauer Taurus Dual Use Germany 12.3%-17.9% 4%-6% 23%-25%
Hallertauer Tradition Aroma Germany 4.6%-7% 4%-5% 23%-29%
Helga Aroma Australia 5.4%-7.3% 5%-7% 20%-23%
Herald Dual Use United Kingdom 11.9%-12.8% 4.8%-5.5% 35%-37%
Herkules Dual Use Germany 12%-17% 4%-5.5% 32%-38%
Hersbrucker Aroma Germany 2%-5% 4%-6% 19%-25%
Hersbrucker E Aroma United Kingdom 4%-6% 5%-7% 22%-24%
Hersbrucker Pure Aroma 4.7%-6% 2%-3% 20%-28%
Hersbrucker Red-Stem Aroma Germany 5%-6% 5%-6% 18%
Hersbrucker Spät Aroma 1.5 -4% 2.5%-6% 17%-25%
Horizon Dual Use United States 8.8%-16.5% 5.5%-8.5% 16%-22%
Hüll Melon Aroma Germany 6.9%-7.5% 7.3%-7.9% 25%-30%
Hüller Bitterer Dual Use Germany 4.5%-7% 4.5%-5.5% 26%-31%
Hybrid-2 Aroma South Africa 10.2% 6.3% 32%
Ivanhoe Aroma United States 7.3%-8% 4.6%
Janus Aroma United Kingdom 5.1% 2.3% 32%
Jester Aroma United Kingdom 7%-9% 4%-6% 23%-28%
Keyworth’s Early Aroma United Kingdom 8.6% 3.3% 33%
Keyworth’s Midseason Aroma United Kingdom 7.5% 3.1% 46%
Kirin II Dual Use Japan 8% 6.4% 43%-45%
Kitamidori Bittering Japan 9%-12% 5%-6% 22%
Kohatu Aroma New Zealand 6.8% 4%-6% 21%
Landhopfen Aroma Germany 3.2%-4.1% 2.5%-3.5% 21%-25%
Late Cluster L-16 Dual Use United States 5.8% 4.2% 39%
Legacy Dual Use United States 7.8%-8.4%
Liberty Aroma United States 3%-6% 3.5% 24%-28%
Lubelska Aroma Czechoslovakia 3%-5% 2.5%-4% 25%-28%
Lubelska-Pulawy Aroma Poland 5%-7% 3%-5% 23%-25%
Lucan Aroma Czech Republic 4% 3.3% 21%
Magnum Bittering Germany 12%-14% 4.5%-5.5% 24%-25%
Magnum (US) Bittering United States 10%-14% 4.5%-7% 24%-30%
Mandarina Bavaria Aroma Germany 8.5%-10.5% 5%-6.5% 33%
Marynka Dual Use Poland 9%-12% 10.2%-13% 26%-33%
Mathon Aroma United Kingdom 4.4%-6.7% 1.9%-2.8% 26%-32%
Melba Dual Use Australia 7%-10% 2.5%-5% 25%-35%
Merkur Dual Use Germany 12%-16.2% 5%-7.3% 17.8%-19%
Millennium Bittering United States 14.5%-16.5% 4.3%-5.3% 28%-32%
Mosaic Dual Use 11.5%-13.5% 3.2%-3.9% 24%-26%
Motueka Aroma New Zealand 6.5%-8.5% 5%-5.5% 29%
Mount Hood Aroma United States 4%-8% 5%-8% 21%-23%
Mount Rainier Aroma 5%-8.1% 5%-7% 21%-24%
MultiHead Dual Use United States 3.5%-5.5% 5.5%-8% 45%
Nadwislanska Aroma Poland 3%-5% 2.5%-5% 23%
Nelson Sauvin Dual Use New Zealand 12%-13% 6%-8% 24%
Neo1 Dual Use United States 7%-9% 3%-3.3%
Neoplanta Dual Use Slovenia 7.4%-12% 2.9%-5% 36%
Newport Bittering United States 13.5%-17% 7.2%-9.1% 36%-38%
Nordgaard Aroma Uncertain (Belgium or Denmark) 7.5% 3.4% 29%
Northdown Dual Use 7%-10% 4%-5.5% 24%-32%
Northern Brewer Dual Use 9.5% 4% 26%
Northern Brewer (GR) Dual Use Germany 7%-10% 3.5%-5% 27%-33%
Northern Brewer (US) Dual Use United States 8%-10% 3%-5% 20%-30%
Nugget Dual Use United States 9.5%-14% 4.2%-5.8% 22%-30%
Olympic Aroma United States 10.6%-13.8% 3.8%-6.1% 31%
Omega Aroma United Kingdom 9%-10% 3%-4% 29%
Opal Dual Use Germany 13%-14% 3.5%-5.5% 28%-34%
Orbit Dual Use New Zealand 4%-6% 4%-6% 25%
Orion Dual Use Germany 8%-9% 4.94%-5.73% 25%-29%
Outeniqua Bittering South Africa 12%-13.5% 4.1%-5.1% 25%-30%
Pacific Gem Bittering New Zealand 13%-16% 7%-9% 37%-40%
Pacific Jade Aroma New Zealand 12%-14% 7%-8% 24%
Pacific Sunrise Bittering New Zealand 12.5%-14.5% 6%-6.5% 27%-30%
Pacifica Aroma New Zealand 5%-6% 6% 25%
Palisade Aroma United States 5.5%-9.5% 6%-8% 24%-29%
Perle Dual Use Germany 8%-9% 8% 28%
Perle (US) Dual Use United States 6%-10% 3%-5% 27%-32%
Petham Golding Aroma United Kingdom 6.9% 2% 28%
Phoenix Dual Use United Kingdom 8.5%-13.5% 3.3%-5.5% 24%-33%
Pilgrim Dual Use United Kingdom 9%-13% 4.2%-5.2% 36%-38%
Pilot Bittering United Kingdom 8%-11.5% 3.3%-5% 28%-37%
Pioneer Dual Use United Kingdom 8%-10% 3.5%-4% 36%-40%
Pocket Talisman Aroma United States 6% 3.2% 55%
Polaris Dual Use Germany 18%-23% 4.5%-6% 22%-28%
Precoce de Bourgogne Aroma France 3.4% 3.1% 23%
Pride of Kent Dual Use 8%-11% 6%-8% 35%
Pride of Ringwood Bittering Australia 7%-11% 4%-8% 33%-39%
Progress Aroma United Kingdom 6%-7.5% 2%-3.3% 25%-34%
Rakau Dual Use New Zealand 5.8%-10.9% 2.6%-4.8% 27%
Record Aroma Belgium 7%-12% 4%-8% 27%
Red Earth Aroma Australia
Riwaka Aroma New Zealand 4.5%-6.5% 4%-5% 29%-36%
Saaz Aroma Czech Republic 2.5%-4.5% 4%-6% 23%-28%
Saaz (US) Aroma United States 3%-4.5% 3%-4.5% 24%-28%
Santiam Aroma United States 5%-8% 5.3%-8.5% 18%-24%
Saphir Aroma Germany 2%-4.5% 4%-7% 12%-17%
Satus Bittering United States 12.5%-14% 8.5%-9% 32%-35%
Saxon Aroma United Kingdom 8%-10% 4%-5% 20%
Serebrianka Aroma Russia 3%-4% 3% 23%
Shinshuwase Aroma Japan 4.7%-8.3% 4%-6.1% 51%
Simcoe Dual Use 12%-14% 4%-5% 15%-20%
Sladek Aroma Czech Republic 4.5%-8% 4%-7% 23%-30%
Smaragd Dual Use Germany 4%-6% 3.5%-5.5% 13%-18%
Smooth Cone Dual Use New Zealand 7%-9.5% 3.4%-5.2% 31%-31%
Sonnet Aroma United States 2.6%-6%
Sorachi Ace Bittering Japan 11.5%-16% 6%-7.5% 23%-28%
Southern Brewer Bittering United States 5.6%-12% 2.8%-5% 33%-42%
Southern Cross Dual Use New Zealand 13%-14% 6%-7% 28%
Southern Promise Dual Use Slovenia 9.5%-11.5% 3.6%-5.4% 20%-22%
Southern Star Bittering South Africa 12%-14% 4.8%-5.2% 31%-31%
Sovereign Bittering United Kingdom 4.5%-6.5% 2.1%-3.1% 26%-30%
Spalt Aroma Germany 2.5%-5.7% 3%-5% 22%-29%
Spalter Select Aroma Germany 3%-6.5% 2%-5% 20%-28%
Star Aroma Belgium 3.2% 1.7% 24%
Sterling Dual Use United States 4.5%-9% 4%-6% 21%-28%
Sticklebract Dual Use New Zealand 13%-14.2% 7.5%-8.5% 40%-45%
Strisselspalter Aroma France 1.8%-5.7% 2.5%-6% 20%-27%
Styrian Gold Dual Use Slovenia 3.5%-6.5% 3.5%-5.9% 28%-35%
Styrian Golding Aroma Austria and Slovenia 2.8%-6% 2%-3% 25%-30%
Styrian Wolf Dual Use Slovenia 10%-18.5% 5%-6% 22%-23%
Summer Aroma Australia 5.6%-6.4% 4.8%-6.1% 20%-25%
Summit Bittering United States 16%-18% 3.3%-4.3% 26%-33%
Sun Aroma United States 12%-16% 4.5%-7% 30%-40%
Sunbeam Aroma United States 4%-5% 2.5% 36%
Sunshine Aroma United Kingdom 6.7%-8.2% 2.1%-3.1% 34%
Super Pride Bittering Australia 13.5%-15% 6.4%-6.9% 26.8%-28%
Sussex Aroma United Kingdom 4.3%-5.8% 2.4%-3.2% 29%-32%
Sylva Aroma Australia 5.6%-7.3% 3%-4.6% 20%-25%
Symphony Bittering United States 16%-18% 5%-5.6% 44%
Tahoma Aroma United States 7.2%-8.2% 8.5%-9.5% 15%-17%
Talisman Dual Use United States 5.7%-6.7% 2.8%-3.6% 53%
Tardif de Bourgogne Aroma France 3.1%-5.5% 3.1%-5.5% 20%
Target Dual Use United Kingdom 8%-12.5% 5%-5.5% 29%-35%
Teamaker Aroma 0.6%-1.8% 5.4%-13.2%
Tettnanger Aroma Germany 3%-5.8% 2.8%-5.3% 24%
Tettnanger (Swiss) Aroma Switzerland 4.1%-6.3% 3.6%-5.7% 22%
Tettnanger (US) Dual Use United States 4%-5% 3%-4.5% 20%-25%
Tettnanger A Aroma Germany 4.4% 5% 23%
Tettnanger B Aroma Germany 5.3% 5.2% 23%
Tillicum Bittering United States 13.5%-15.5.% 9.5%-11.5% 35%
Tolhurst Aroma United Kingdom 2.2% 2.9% 31%
Topaz Aroma Australia 13.7%-17.7% 6.4%-7.9% 48%-51%
Toyomidori Bittering Japan 11%-13% 5%-6% 40%
Triskel Aroma France 8%-9% 4%-4.7% 20%-23%
Ultra Aroma United States 3%-5% 3.6%-5% 25%-35%
Universal Dual Use Czech Republic 5.2% 3.7% 23%
Vanguard Aroma United States 4.40%-6% 6%-7% 14%-16%
Vic Secret Dual Use Australia 14%-17% 6.1%-7.8% 51%-56%
Viking Aroma United Kingdom 8%-10% 4%-5% 21%-24%
Vital Dual Use Czech Republic 14%-17% 8%-11%
Vojvodina Aroma Yugoslavia 6.1%-10.5% 2.3%-4.7% 30%
Wai-iti Aroma New Zealand 2.5%-3.5% 4.5%-5.5% 22%-24%
Waimea Dual Use New Zealand 16%-19% 7%-9%
Wakatu Dual Use New Zealand 6.5%-8.5% 8.5% 28%-30%
Warrior Bittering United States 14.5%-18% 4.3%-6% 22%-28%
Whitbread Golding Aroma United Kingdom 5%-7.5% 2.5%-3.5% 33%-37%
Willamette Aroma United States 4%-6% 3%-4% 30%-35%
Willamette (AUS) Aroma Australia 5%-7.2% 3.9%-5.7% 30%-35%
Willow Creek Dual Use
Wuerttemberger Aroma Germany 5% 4% 28%
Yakima Cluster Bittering United States 4.4%-9.8% 3%-6.1% 42%
Yakima Cluster L-1 Dual Use United States 4.4%-9.8% 3%-6.1% 42%
Yakima Gold Dual Use United States 8.8%-10.5% 4.3%-5% 21%-23%
Yeoman Dual Use United Kingdom 12%-16% 4%-5% 25%
Zenith Bittering United States 9%-11% 3% 25%
Zeus Bittering United States 13%-17.5% 4.5%-6.5% 30%-40%
Zlatan Aroma Czech Republic 5.2% 4.3% 21%
Zythos Aroma United States 10%-12.5% 4.7%-6.2% 28%-31%
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